Friday, October 5, 2012

The Linggardjati Agreement

Sutan Sjahrir (left) and Wim Schermerhorn drafting the agreement
The Linggadjati Agreement, also known as the Cheribon Agreement,[1] was a political accord concluded on 15 November 1946 by the Dutch administration and the unilaterally declared Republic of Indonesia. Negotiations took place 11–12 November. The Dutch side was represented by Lieutenant General Governor Hubertus van Mook, the Indonesian side by Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir.
Negotiations had begun in October 1946 and a ceasefire in Java and Sumatra was agreed to. Recognising their still weakened position following World War II, the Netherlands were more prepared to negotiate with the Republic than they were later in the Indonesian National Revolution.[2] In the terms of the agreement, the Netherlands agreed to recognize Republican rule over Java, Sumatra and Madura. The Republic would become a constituent state of the United States of Indonesia, which should be established by 1 January 1949 at the latest and form a Netherlands-Indonesian Union together with the Netherlands, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles. The Dutch Queen would remain official head of this Union.
However, on 25 March 1947 the House of Representatives ratified a 'stripped down' version of the treaty, which was not accepted by the Indonesians. Further disagreements rose over the implementation of the agreement. On 20 July of the same year, the Dutch administration canceled the accord, followed by military intervention in form of Operatie Product, the first of two events known as politionele acties ('police actions').