Monday, August 27, 2012

Axis Defeated

Axis collapse, Allied victory (1945)


American and Soviet troops meet in April 1945, east of the Elbe River.
On 16 December 1944, Germany attempted its last desperate measure for success on the Western Front by using most of its remaining reserves to launch a massive counter-offensive in the Ardennes to attempt to split the Western Allies, encircle large portions of Western Allied troops and capture their primary supply port at Antwerp in order to prompt a political settlement.[226] By January, the offensive had been repulsed with no strategic objectives fulfilled.[226] In Italy, the Western Allies remained stalemated at the German defensive line. In mid-January 1945, the Soviets attacked in Poland, pushing from the Vistula to the Oder river in Germany, and overran East Prussia.[227] On 4 February, U.S., British, and Soviet leaders met for the Yalta Conference. They agreed on the occupation of post-war Germany,[228] and on when the Soviet Union would join the war against Japan.[229]
In February, the Soviets invaded Silesia and Pomerania, while Western Allies entered Western Germany and closed to the Rhine river. By March, the Western Allies crossed the Rhine north and south of the Ruhr, encircling the German Army Group B,[230] while the Soviets advanced to Vienna. In early April, the Western Allies finally pushed forward in Italy and swept across Western Germany, while Soviet forces stormed Berlin in late April; the two forces linked up on Elbe river on 25 April. On 30 April 1945, the Reichstag was captured, signalling the military defeat of the Third Reich.[231]

A devastated Berlin street in the city centre post Battle of Berlin, taken 3 July 1945.
Several changes in leadership occurred during this period. On 12 April, U.S. President Roosevelt died and was succeeded by Harry Truman. Benito Mussolini was killed by Italian partisans on 28 April.[232] Two days later, Hitler committed suicide, and was succeeded by Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz.[233]
German forces surrendered in Italy on 29 April. The German instrument of surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims,[234] and ratified on 8 May in Berlin.[235] German Army Group Centre resisted in Prague until 11 May.[236]
In the Pacific theatre, American forces accompanied by the forces of the Philippine Commonwealth advanced in the Philippines, clearing Leyte by the end of April 1945. They landed on Luzon in January 1945 and captured Manila in March following a battle which reduced the city to ruins. Fighting continued on Luzon, Mindanao and other islands of the Philippines until the end of the war.[237]

Atomic explosion at Nagasaki, 9 August 1945.
In May 1945, Australian troops landed in Borneo, overrunning the oilfields there. British, American and Chinese forces defeated the Japanese in northern Burma in March, and the British pushed on to reach Rangoon by 3 May.[238] Chinese forces started to counterattack in Battle of West Hunan that occurred between 6 April and 7 June 1945. American forces also moved towards Japan, taking Iwo Jima by March, and Okinawa by the end of June.[239] American bombers destroyed Japanese cities, and American submarines cut off Japanese imports.[240]
On 11 July, the Allied leaders met in Potsdam, Germany. They confirmed earlier agreements about Germany,[241] and reiterated the demand for unconditional surrender of all Japanese forces by Japan, specifically stating that "the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction".[242] During this conference the United Kingdom held its general election, and Clement Attlee replaced Churchill as Prime Minister.[243]
As Japan continued to ignore the Potsdam terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in early August. Between the two bombings, the Soviets, pursuant to the Yalta agreement, invaded Japanese-held Manchuria, and quickly defeated the Kwantung Army, which was the largest Japanese fighting force.[244][245] The Red Army also captured Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands. On 15 August 1945 Japan surrendered, with the surrender documents finally signed aboard the deck of the American battleship USS Missouri on 2 September 1945, ending the war.[234]

Impact of World War 2


Impact

Casualties and war crimes

World War II deaths
Estimates for the total casualties of the war vary, because many deaths went unrecorded. Most suggest that some 60 million people died in the war, including about 20 million soldiers and 40 million civilians.[286][287][288] Many civilians died because of disease, starvation, massacres, bombing and deliberate genocide. The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war,[289] including 8.7 million military and 19 million civilian deaths. The largest portion of military dead were ethnic Russians (5,756,000), followed by ethnic Ukrainians (1,377,400).[290] One of every four Soviet citizens was killed or wounded in that war.[291] Germany sustained 5.3 million military losses, mostly on the Eastern Front and during the final battles in Germany.[292]
Of the total deaths in World War II approximately 85 percent—mostly Soviet and Chinese—were on the Allied side and 15 percent on the Axis side. Many of these deaths were caused by war crimes committed by German and Japanese forces in occupied territories. An estimated 11[293] to 17[294] million civilians died as a direct or indirect result of Nazi ideological policies, including the systematic genocide of around six million Jews during The Holocaust along with a further five million Roma, homosexuals as well as Slavs and other ethnic and minority groups.[295]
Roughly 7.5 million civilians died in China under Japanese occupation.[296] Hundreds of thousands (varying estimates) of ethnic Serbs, along with gypsies and Jews, were murdered by the Axis-aligned Croatian Ustaše in Yugoslavia,[297] with retribution-related killings of Croatian civilians just after the war ended.
Chinese civilians to be buried alive by Japanese soldiers.
The best-known Japanese atrocity was the Nanking Massacre, in which several hundred thousand Chinese civilians were raped and murdered.[298] Between 3 million to more than 10 million civilians, mostly Chinese, were killed by the Japanese occupation forces.[299] Mitsuyoshi Himeta reported 2.7 million casualties occurred during the Sankō Sakusen. General Yasuji Okamura implemented the policy in Heipei and Shantung.[300]
The Axis forces employed limited biological and chemical weapons. The Italians used mustard gas during their conquest of Abyssinia,[301] while the Imperial Japanese Army used a variety of such weapons during their invasion and occupation of China (see Unit 731)[302][303] and in early conflicts against the Soviets.[304] Both the Germans and Japanese tested such weapons against civilians[305] and, in some cases, on prisoners of war.[306]
While many of the Axis's acts were brought to trial in the world's first international tribunals,[307] incidents caused by the Allies were not. Examples of such Allied actions include population transfers in the Soviet Union and Japanese American internment in the United States; the Operation Keelhaul,[308] expulsion of Germans after World War II, rape during the occupation of Germany; the Soviet Union's Katyn massacre, for which Germans faced counter-accusations of responsibility. Large numbers of famine deaths can also be partially attributed to the war, such as the Bengal famine of 1943 and the Vietnamese famine of 1944–45.[309]
It has been suggested by some historians, e.g. Jörg Friedrich, that the mass-bombing of civilian areas in enemy territory, including Tokyo and most notably the German cities of Dresden, Hamburg and Cologne by Western Allies, which resulted in the destruction of more than 160 cities and the deaths of more than 600,000 German civilians be considered as war crimes.[310]

Tuesday, August 21, 2012

Cara cepat naik Page Rank


Cara Cepat Menaikkan Pagerank bisa kita lakukan dengan gratis tanpa biaya. Cara Cepat Menaikkan Pagerank ini sudah banyak dilakukan oleh para blogger2 yang sudah ahli. Gak usah susah2 komentar sana sini. Cukup ikuti panduan ini.

Cara Cepat Menaikkan Pagerank adalah dengan copy paste artikel ini mulai kata" —– copy mulai di sini —- sampai —–SELESAI —-" di blog anda.


—— Copy mulai di sini —— Silahkan pelajari dengan baik lalu anda terapkan dengan benar…. Ada kata bijak yang mengatakan “Honesty is The Best Policy (Kejujuran adalah politik/strategi terbaik)”, mari kita buktikan….apakah konsep kejujuran disini dapat kita gunakan untuk menghasilkan traffic dan popularity yang sangat hebat dari sebuah metode rumit para expert webmaster atau pakar SEO..? Saya percaya kita bisa asal metode ini anda terapkan dengan benar…,apabila ini di aplikasikan pada web/blog anda sesuai ketentuan maka:
  • Blog anda akan kebanjiran traffic pengunjung secara luar biasa hari demi hari, tanpa anda harus repot-repot memikirkan SEO atau capek-capek melakukan promosi keberbagai tempat di dunia online.
  • Blog anda juga akan kebanjiran backlink secara signifikan hari demi hari, tanpa perlu repot-repot berburu link keberbagai tempat di dunia internet.
Hal yang harus anda lakukan adalah ikuti langkah-langkah berikut :
  1. Buatlah postingan artikel seperti posting saya ini, atau copy-paste artikel ini. Lalu beri Judul sesuka anda (karena itu merupakan SEO buat web/blog anda sendiri).
  2. Anda cukup hanya meletakkan Link-Link di bawah ini pada artikel anda tersebut pada blog/web anda.
    1. Facebook.com
    2. Friendster.com
    3. Google.com
    4. Bisnis Online
    5. Panduan belajar Wordpress
    6. Softare Asli
    7. Lirik Music Indo
    8. Lirik Music Luar
    9. Free Template
    10. game para gamer
    11. Tutorial Blogging | Internet Bisnis Online
    12. pVidia Blog
    13. kreativitas
    14. Bang huda
    15. History-Blog32
PERATURAN :
  1. Sebelum anda meletakkan Link-Link tersebut ditas ke dalam postingan web/blog anda, harap hapus Link nomor 1 , Sehingga link no 1 hilang dari daftar link dan setiap link anda naikkan 1 level ke atas. Yang tadinya no 2 naik menjadi no 1, yang tadinya no 3 menjadi no 2, yang tadinya no 4 menjadi no 3 dan begitu seterusnya. Setelah itu masukkan Link anda pada urutan Paling bawah ( no 15 ).
  2. Ingat!!! Jangan Merubah Urutan daftar link Apabila setiap blogger yang ikut dalam metode ini berhasil di duplikasi ole blogger lain yang akan bergabung, andaikan 5 blogger yang bergabung maka Backlink yang anda dapat adalah Ketika:
Posisi anda 15, jumlah backlink = 1
Posisi 14, jumlah backlink = 5
Posisi 13, jumlah backlink = 25
Posisi 12, jumlah backlink = 125
Posisi 11, jumlah backlink = 625
Posisi 10, jumlah backlink = 3.125
Posisi 9, jumlah backlink = 15.625
Posisi 8, jumlah backlink = 78.125
Posisi 7, jumlah backlink = 390.625
Posisi 6, jumlah backlink = 1.953.125
Posisi 5, jumlah backlink = 9.765.625
Posisi 4, jumlah backlink = 48.828.125
Posisi 3, jumlah backlink = 244.140.625
Posisi 2, jumlah backlink = 1.220.703.125
Posisi 1, jumlah backlink = 6.103.515.625
Dan semua Dari kata kunci yang anda inginkan, bayangkan jika ini bisa berjalan dengan sempurna maka anda akan memperoleh 6.103.515.625 external link yang berasal dari berbagai blog yang anda tidak akan pernah bayangkan sebelumnya. Belum lagi apabila ada pengunjung blog anda dari Link List tersebut diatas maka otomatis anda akan memperoleh traffic ke web/blog anda juga. Ingat!!! Aturuan mainnya, Anda harus memulai dari urutan paling bawah (no 15) sehingga hasil backlink anda bisa Maksimal. Jangan salahkan saya apabila anda tidak mengikuti metode ini dengan benar dan Link anda tiba-tiba berada pada urutan no 1 dan menghilang pada Link daftar. Jadi mulai lah pada urutan paling bawah(no 15). Bisakah Anda melakukan tindakan tidak fair atau tidak jujur dengan menyabotase metode ini, misalkan saja “menghilangkan semua link asal” lalu di isi dengan link web/blog anda sendiri…? ….Bisa, dan metode ini menjadi tidak maksimal. Kejujuran adalah strategi/politik terbaik…..Tapi saya yakin bahwa kita semua tak ingin menjatuhkan kredibilitas diri sendiri dengan melakukan tindakan murahan seperti itu… —- SELESAI —-
Catatan : Silahkan anda copy paste artikel tersebut di atas mulai dari —– copy mulai di sini —- sampai —–SELESAI —-. Boleh juga anda berkreasi dengan memberi sedikit basa basi terlebih dahulu. Semoga metode ini bisa berjalan sesuai harapan kita bersama. . . ! ! !
Cara Cepat Menaikkan Pagerank mudah bukan? Beri tahu kepada kawan2 blogger yang lain agar pagerank anda naik, naik, dan terus naik.

Monday, August 20, 2012

Stranger Landed In Indonesia

Stranger Landed in Indonesia

In 1509 Portugese arrived at indonesia
They land on ternate lead by Alfonso D’Albuquerque,first their mission is to find spices,the native accept their come,but after time passed the portugese start to monopoli the trade,forces the native to admit their power control ternate and the portugese kidnape and kill Sultan Hairun.

In 1521 Spanish arrived at Indonesia
They land on Maluku lead by Yuan Sebastian Del Cono,their expeditios from spain lead by Ferdinand de Magelhaen and Yuan Sebastian Del Cono,but ferdinand killed in philippines.When they arrived they met the portugese dispute to stop dispute they make agreement the contents:Portuguese descendants of the west line of Saragosa and Spanish on the east line of Saragosa

In 1596 Dutch arrived at Indonesia 
They land on Indonesia lead by Cornelis de Houtman,their mission is to find spices so they made VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie)Voc purposes as follows:

-to compete with other trading
partnership
-to compete with other Dutch trader
-to improve the financial state
-to monopolize trade spices



The VOC has some special feature
-can make own money
-has own soldier
etc.


The Dutch has colonize Indonesia for 350 year and stoped by japan.


In 1811 British

In 1811 British can defeat Dutch in Indonesia officialy england control Indonesia so Governor General 
Lord Minto choose stanford raffles to make government in Indonesia
england control in indonesia didn't last long
in 1813 occurred between the Dutch coalition with the British to deal with Napoleon Bonaparte
In 1814 between the English and the Dutch signed a convention London which read:

-english return of Indonesia to the Netherlands

-British rule in India



Indonesia handover from British to Dutch hands in 1816. since then, ending British rule in Indonesia.



In 1942 Japan
In 1942 japan defeat dutch and stop their control in Indonesia,first the native accept japan came and make them hero but the japan is worse tha dutch they more cruel,but in 1945 japan promising independen to indonesia but that just their trick to make indonesia support japan in world war 2
in 6 August 1945 America drop bomb to hiroshima and in 9 august 1945 to nagasaki and make vacuum of power in Indonesia and the young man use this moment to independ indonesia and in 17 August 1945 Indonesia declare their Independen....!!!!!